Preparing Your Pond for Seasonal Changes


More great info straight from Tetra!

Fall is a beautiful time of the year. But, sometimes that beauty can be hard on your pond, especially if you have trees nearby. In the fall, it is very important to prepare your pond by cleaning it out, protecting it from falling debris and maintaining your equipment, especially if you live in cooler climate zones.

Deicer and fish

Before winter sets in, invest in a TetraPond Pond De-icer. Gases produced by decomposing organic material are toxic to fish when they are trapped beneath the ice covering the pond’s surface. In small ponds, the TetraPond De-Icer is especially helpful in preventing ponds from freezing solid. Remember, for fish safety, it is extremely important to never break ice on the pond because the shock waves can be detrimental, and sometimes fatal, to fish.

To ensure you cover all of the necessary fall pond prep steps, print and keep this checklist handy:

  • Reduce the number of leaves falling into the pond with netting. Most pond retailers carry different sizes that can be hung over the pond like a tent. Or, you can build a frame across the surface.
  • Remove any floating debris regularly with a hand net. Installing a skimmer unit will also save you time and effort.
  • Cut back dead or dying aquatic plant foliage during the fall.
  • Purchase a wheat-germ-based pond food developed especially for a Spring and Fall Diet.
  • Disconnect the pump, filter and UV clarifier before water freezes.
  • Store UV clarifier indoors for protection.
  • Store filters indoors (if manufacturer’s directions suggest).
  • Sink a few clay pots or weighted-down, clean buckets into the pond to provide refuge (in place of the protective plant cover that will disappear). Frogs who have taken up residence in your garden will also benefit from a place to hibernate.
  • For breeds especially sensitive to the cold, like fancy goldfish, bring them indoors.
  • Purchase or have the pond de-icer ready for installation.



Fall is the Time to Transition Fish to Wheat Germ-Based Foods


Great info here from Tetra Pond Products!



As water temperatures begin to fall in your area of the country, it is important to transition your pond fish to a highly digestible wheat germ-based food. Because fish are cold-blooded, their metabolism is controlled by the temperature of the water. So as water temperatures start to dip, you’ll need to make some changes to your fishes’ diet.

In water temperatures between 39°F and 50°F, wheat germ is ideal to transition fish into the cooler winter months because it digests easily at low temperatures. This is especially important because in the winter, fish metabolism and the pond’s ammonia-reducing biological activity are greatly diminished. And remember, never feed fish when water temperatures fall to 39°F or below. In addition, feed your fish only as much as they can eat in several minutes. If you are able, it is best to feed smaller amounts several times a day, versus one large feeding (not unlike how humans like to eat).

For optimal nutrition, TetraPond Spring & Fall Diet transitions fish in and out of the season and reduces thermal stress. That’s important for disease prevention.


Seasonal Feeding for Year-Round Nutrition
Follow a Seasonal Feeding Cycle so you can easily determine the best foods to feed throughout the year as indicated by the water temperature. When you use a TetraPond Thermometer , you’ll eliminate all the guesswork in fish nutrition.


Tetra: Feeding Your Fish in Hot Weather



Feeding Your Fish in Hot Weather

Summer is the one of the most enjoyable times of the year to sit by the
pond and relax. During extreme or extended periods of hot weather,
however, it’s necessary to watch for potential problems caused by high
water temperatures.

First, provide food that is quick and easy to digest. Your fish will be
very active in warm temperatures and should be fed at least once, and up
to two or three times, per day, depending on conditions. It is best to
feed your fish in the morning–the coolest time of day. To ensure
they’ve consumed all of their food, offer small amounts at each feeding.
This will prevent uneaten food from decomposing at high temperatures
and polluting your pond water. If it is extremely hot, and your fish
seem sluggish and not interested in eating, wait for cooler temperatures
later in the day or the following morning.

In addition, the solubility of oxygen depends on the temperature. In the
winter, oxygen readily dissolves in cold water. In the summer, as water
temperatures rise, oxygen becomes increasingly insoluble. When fish
feed in extreme summer heat, their movement uses more oxygen, which is a
problem if there isn’t a sufficient oxygen supply in the water.

Take steps to increase water movement, such as ensuring there is good
water circulation. Disrupt your pond’s surface to aerate water and
increase the area where oxygen and carbon dioxide can be exchanged.
Consider adding a fountain, a bubbler or a waterfall, in addition to
oxygenating plants.

The golden rule? As the water temperature rises above 77°F, fish will
consume less food in a given feeding. Feed only as much as fish will
consume within five minutes. They will eat what they need to survive,
dependent on various conditions.